- The SODA database is best accessed using Internet
Explorer 5.0 or later, Mozilla 1.0 or later, and
Netscape 6.0 or later. Adobe Acrobat Reader 4.0 or
later is required to view documents. Documents are
quite lengthy, 1 to 50 MB in size or larger, and
a high speed connection is required to have a satisfying
General Search Tips
- Searches are not case sensitive, so capitalization
- Enter crater lake national park
- All searches in SODA automatically retrieve both singular and
plural forms of words.
- Enter forest to retrieve documents
containing the words forest and/or forests.
- Use quotes to search for a specific phrase or name.
- To search in the year(s) field, enter year or year ranges.
- Enter 1978 or 1920-1950 or >2000
- Use wildcards to substitute for unknown letters or to search for
multiple similar words.
- Select Boolean or Concept search; then enter fish* to
retrieve the words fish, fishes, fisheries, fishing,
- More examples:
Match one or zero characters
Match exactly one alpha character
Match exactly one numeric character
Match any character following the \ as a
regular character, not as a wildcard
Match this word and anything that begins
with this root word
Match exactly one character
Match any character except the next character
Match one character or a range of characters
within the brackets
Selecting Collection(s) to Search
- Choose a collection by clicking on Search
Bioregion or Search Tribal.
- To search both collections at once first select one of the collections,
then click on Advanced Options, check boxes for
both collections, click Accept Search Settings,
and click New Search.
Boolean, Concept or Pattern Searching
- In this search you enter Boolean operators (and, or, not)
to assist in finding exact matches for your search words.
- Search defaults to and operator. You can also
use or or not along with your
- Enter dams salmon to retrieve documents with
both of these words.
- Enter dams or salmon to retrieve documents
that contain either one of these words.
- Enter dams not salmon to retrieve documents
containing the word dams, but not the word salmon.
- Use parentheses to create nested search statements.
- Enter (logging or grazing) and "elk river".
- Use within or adj to specify
how close words should appear to each other. Within searches
for word proximity; adj searches for both proximity
and word order.
- Enter spotted barred within 10.
- Enter klamath language adj 5.
- A search type that lets you enter plain English searches with
no Boolean operators.
- Automatically does semantic expansion (retrieves synonyms and
other related words) on all search words.
- Enter harvesting to retrieve harvesting, gathering, reaping,
- Ranks returned documents for relevance.
- A search type that also lets you enter plain English searches
with no Boolean operators.
- Automatically does pattern expansion on spelling differences.
- Enter the misspelled word chilocuin and you
will also retrieve the correctly spelled word chiloquin.
- Ranks returned documents for relevance.
Keyword or Field Searching
After choosing Boolean, Concept, or Pattern as the
search type, enter your search words in the keyword search box; in
one or more field search boxes (Title, Author, Subject, and Year);
or in a combination of the keyword and field search boxes.
- Use to search for words that might appear only in the full-text
of the document, rather than in title, subject or other specific
- Use when you are not sure what field a word might appear in.
- Use to widen your results when the number of documents retrieved
in a field search is low.
- Retrieves keywords in virtually all of the metadata fields, and
in the full-text of documents.
- Use to search for Author, Title, or Subject, or to search for
dates in the Year(s) field.
- Use to narrow your search when a keyword search retrieves too
- Order of words you enter does not matter (words are searched as
keywords within a field or fields, not as a phrase from left to
- To search in additional fields (such as Publisher, Abstract, or
Language) select Advanced Options, click in the
box next to the field you wish to search, click Accept Search
Settings, then click New Search.
- If your search returns too many documents, click
on Modify Results, click in box
labeled Search Within Results and
type in additional search terms to narrow your search.
- To repeat a previous search, click the Search
History button, then select specific search
Customize Your Results Columns
- To customize the results columns that display following
your search, click on Advanced Options.
Under Results Display Options, click in the boxes
next to the fields you want to display in your results
columns, click Accept Search Settings,
then click Search Results.
- Use ! to expand one word via a
concept search when not in concept mode.
- Enter mount! ashland in Boolean
or Pattern mode to do a concept search on only
the word mount.
- Use ~ to do pattern expansion on one word when
in Boolean or Concept mode.
- Enter history ~mcloughlin in
Boolean or Concept mode to do a pattern search
on only the word mcloughlin.
- Use " " to keep specific search words
from being expanded when in Concept or Pattern mode.
- Enter "talent" irrigation in
a Concept or Pattern search to keep the word talent from